In 1912, this country passed a Federal law allowing Aboriginal children to be taken from their families against their parents' consent and raised outside their culture. The government of the day believed that the Aboriginal culture was doomed, in the face of their inability to adapt to white culture and technology, and the best way to ensure a white Australia was to raise aboriginal children, especially those of part-white parentage, outside that culture. Two full generations of Aboriginal children were taken away in this way. The fairer-skinned children were adopted by white families and raised white; the darker skinned children were largely raised in orphanages and treated as servants.
The only reason for doing this was race.
This is a shameful part of the history of this country, which has never been publicly acknowledged by any Federal government.
These words were spoken in Parliament today by Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister of Australia, on behalf of all Australians, to the "stolen generations":
Today we honour the Indigenous peoples of this land, the oldest continuing cultures in human history.
We reflect on their past mistreatment.
We reflect in particular on the mistreatment of those who were Stolen Generations – this blemished chapter in our nation’s history.
The time has now come for the nation to turn a new page in Australia’s history by righting the wrongs of the past and so moving forward with confidence to the future.
We apologise for the laws and policies of successive Parliaments and governments that have inflicted profound grief, suffering and loss on these our fellow Australians.
We apologise especially for the removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families, their communities and their country.
For the pain, suffering and hurt of these Stolen Generations, their descendants and for their families left behind, we say sorry.
To the mothers and the fathers, the brothers and the sisters, for the breaking up of families and communities, we say sorry.
And for the indignity and degradation thus inflicted on a proud people and a proud culture, we say sorry.
We the Parliament of Australia respectfully request that this apology be received in the spirit in which it is offered as part of the healing of the nation.
For the future we take heart; resolving that this new page in the history of our great continent can now be written.
We today take this first step by acknowledging the past and laying claim to a future that embraces all Australians.
A future where this Parliament resolves that the injustices of the past must never, never happen again.
A future where we harness the determination of all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous, to close the gap that lies between us in life expectancy, educational achievement and economic opportunity.
A future where we embrace the possibility of new solutions to enduring problems where old approaches have failed.
A future based on mutual respect, mutual resolve and mutual responsibility.
A future where all Australians, whatever their origins, are truly equal partners, with equal opportunities and with an equal stake in shaping the next chapter in the history of this great country, Australia.